Sorgà

GEOGRAPHY

Sorgà is 28 km south west of Verona.  It borders the province of Mantova, and is crossed by the river Tione. With its surface of 31.54 km², it is located at an average altitude of 25 m above sea level. Its fractions are Bonferraro, Pontepossero, Pampuro and Torre Masino. It borders Trevenzuolo, Erbè, Nogara, Gazzo Veronese (under the province of Verona) and Villimpenta, Castel d'Ario, Bigarello and Castelberlforte (under the province of Mantova).

ETYMOLOGY

There is little to no information on the origins of the town's name, due to how far back in time it was given to it. It is unknown if there is a connection of its name to the production of sorghum, or to some specific building in the area. The only certain thing is the presence of several streams and cultivations that remind of the town's name.

HISTORY

This land, covered in paddy fields, is located on the border between Veneto and Lombardia. For centuries it was the object of several quarrels between Mantova and Verona, becoming the scenario of bloody wars and fierce battles. Sorgà's early days did not differ in a substantial way from the ones of the other settlements that occupied the banks of river Tione. Fortuitous archeological findings dated Sorgà and its fraction Bonferraro back to the Bronze Age. Some archeological findings in the proximity of an ancient mill, former possession of the count Cipolla, testify to an ancient inhabited Veneto that dates back to 7th-6th century b.C. The land surrounding Sorgà, were formerly known as Suregada, Soregade, Sorgada, as stated in the manuscripts from the early middle age that also describe it as a Corte, token of its rural origins. Back at that time it included the deanery of Sorgà, under the jurisdiction of the monastery of Santa Maria in Organo of Verona, the deanery of Bonferrato, tied to the monastery of Nogara, the deanery of Marotica, under the jurisdiction of the monastery of San Zeno of Verona and the deanery of Pampuro, subject to the monastery of Bigarello (In the province of Mantova). During the domination of Venezia, a large amount of the territory became part of the property of the Murari Della Corte family and the Grimani family. The town remained partially tied to its agricultural origins and still maintains several culinary traditions belonging to its past, trait of a community by now detached from the very background that once generated these traditions in the first place.

ART

Worth seeing, on the territory of the town, are the churches of Sorgà, Pampuro and Pontepossero, the childhood house of Grand Prix racer Antonio Ascari, Corte Bragantin, Corte Gelmi, Corte Toajar, Villa Grimani with its garden, Villa Bogna, Corte Murari Brà, Corte Pindermonte, Palazzo Bodoni, the Palazzone, the museum of handicraft and agricultiral civilization, and finally the mill on river Tione. Remarkable are the sixteenth-century parish of Sorgà, dedicated to the Nativity of Mary, the parish of Pontepossero with its fifteenth-century baptismal font and the church of Boferraro, also with fifteenth-century elements. Villa Grimani is an eighteenth-century country house with a beautiful garden, built in the fraction of Pontepossero and inhabited by the Nuvolari family, relatives of the famous racecar driver Tazio Nuvolari.  Its garden was formerly the centre of an agricultural estate for the production of rice, with a mill and a grindstone. The Palazzon Del Diavolo is a sixteenth-century palace around which, for a long time, has lingered a copious amount of popular rumours and fantasies. A legend describes the building as an ancient scenario of feasts and orgies. One night in this place, according to the legend, the forces of Good (a religious procession) met the forces of Evil (the gang of sinful party-goers).

ECONOMY

A technologically advanced agriculture is the kingpin of the local economy. There are paddy fields for the production of vialone nano and animal farms breeding cattle, pigs, birds and fish. Around these products the industry of food processing revolves.